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Causes of Diabetic Retinopathy

What are the causes of diabetic retinopathy and long-term diabetes? Changes in blood-sugar levels is the main culprit. People suffering from diabetes generally develop diabetic retinopathy after at least ten years of having the disease. Once you are diagnosed with diabetes, it is essential to have an eye exam once a year or more.

In the early stage of diabetic retinopathy, called background or non-proliferative retinopathy, high blood sugar in the retina damages blood vessels, which bleed or leak fluid. This leaking or bleeding causes swelling in the retina, which forms deposits.

In the later stage of diabetic retinopathy, called proliferative retinopathy, new blood vessels begin to grow on the retinal. These new blood vessels may break, causing bleeding into the vitreous, which is the clear gelatinous matter that fills the inside of the eye. This breakage can cause serious vision difficulties. This form of diabetic retinopathy can cause blindness, and is therefore the more serious form of the disease.

It is not hard to greatly reduce your risk of diabetic retinopathy by following some simple steps and being aware of your overall health. The most important factor you can control is maintaining your blood sugar at a healthy level. Eating a healthy diet will help greatly in controlling blood sugar levels. A regular exercise regimen is also a great help. Finally, make sure to listen to your doctor’s instructions.

Oculista Stamford CT

Oculista Danbury CT

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To reduce risk and exposure to our patients and staff, we have decided to limit office capacity to 50% to allow more time for sanitizing between patients and to avoid crowds within the office.

New Stamford hours: Monday-Friday 11am-6:30pm, Saturdays 11am-6pm, closed on Sundays.
New Danbury hours: Monday-Friday 11am -6:30pm, Saturdays 11am-6pm, Sundays 12pm-5pm.

New Office Policies: Due to the limited number of appointments we can offer at this time, our office will require a credit card number on file to book an appointment. If you do not show and do not cancel or reschedule 24 hours in advance your card will be charged. Please also be aware that we will be requiring a digital retinal image to screen the health of each patient’s eyes. To see our COVID-19 practice protocol, please click here.